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Preventive Dentistry

Preventive Dentistry 

1.       Fluoride treatment

Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally in many foods and water. Every day, minerals are added to and lost from a tooth’s enamel layer through two processes, demineralization and remineralization. Minerals are lost (demineralization) from a tooth’s enamel layer when acids -- formed from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth -- attack the enamel. Minerals such as fluoride, calcium and phosphate are redeposited (remineralization) to the enamel layer from the foods and waters consumed. Too much demineralization without enough remineralization to repair the enamel layer leads to tooth decay.

Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth. It also reverses early decay. In children under 6 years of age, fluoride becomes incorporated into the development of permanent teeth, making it difficult for acids to demineralize the teeth.

2.       Fissures Sealants

Fissure sealants are a safe and painless way of protecting your child’s teeth from tooth decay. It is a resin/ fluoride coating which covers the chewing surfaces of the back adult teeth. The sealant not only forms a hard shield that keeps food and bacteria from getting into the tiny grooves in the teeth, but also makes the enamel tougher to acid. Most tooth decay in children occurs in the back teeth.

3.       Custom made Mouth Guards

A custom- fitted mouth guard is made by a dentist using an impression taken of your teeth and a plaster model. Custom fitting allows the dentist to accurately assess your mouth and provide the best fit, size, coverage and thickness in a mouth guard made especially for you. The dentist can also make an assessment of any risk factors you might have and recommend the best type of mouthguard appropriate for your sport. Custom-fitted mouth guards are comfortable, allow you to talk, have maximum resistance against being dislodged.