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Periodontics & Gum Therapy

Treatment of Gum Infections
(Periodontal Disease)

Infection of the gums is caused by plaque, thick and sticky film of bacteria that builds up on teeth.
Plaque can harden to become calculus, known also as tartar. Plaque and calculus are caused by poor oral hygiene; that is, the teeth have not been cleaned thoroughly or often enough.

Early stage of gum disease:
Bacteria in plaque and calculus can damage the gums and cause inflammation of gums. This can usually be treated successfully by removal of the plaque and calculus, followed by thorough but gentle cleaning.

Advanced stage of gum disease:
The advanced stage of gum disease can cause serious damage to teeth and the gums, and bone that supports the teeth.

As gum infection and inflammation get worse, pockets form between gum and teeth, and gum may recede from the teeth. As a result, teeth can look long and unsightly become loose, fall out or require extraction.

Benefits of treatment:

  • a mouth that feels, looks and is healthier
  • teeth that feel smooth and look clean
  • a better chance of keeping your teeth for life.

Signs of periodontal disease:

  • red, swollen, tender, painful or bleeding gums
  • gums that have shrunk from the teeth making teeth look long
  • persistent bad breath
  • a bad taste in the mouth 
  • abscesses between teeth and gums 
  • the fit of a denture has changed
  • loose teeth, drifting apart of teeth and gaps appearing between teeth.